Our Low-budget Chicken Coop

 

After months of work and difficulty getting out to the land in the first place, we have a completed chicken coop for our fifty chickens.  I thought I’d show it off, and explain what we did to keep costs down.

First off, we don’t currently have anything built on our land, but my girlfriend’s family has a farm right next door, and after exploring a few options for putting a low cost coop up on our own land, we took up the offer to use some unused space in a barn they have.  The barn is about 100 years old, and needed a wall built to enclose the area we were being given, but there was an old barn on the property that had been torn down a while back, and the wood from that was used to create the new wall.  It cost a box of screws.  You can see it in the image to the right, behind the nesting boxes.

Next, we built our feeder and waterer, as shown in the pictures below.

The feeder was built out of a 55 gallon plastic drum that we picked up for ten bucks.  We cut a dozen holes around the bottom, and used some 2 inch PVC 90 degree bends to make this (mostly) waste-free feeder.  The total cost on the feeder was about $30 for the drum, pipe pieces, and glue.  It holds four 50 pound bags of chicken feed, which last our chickens a month.

The waterer was built similarly.  We got another 55 gallon plastic drum, washed it out thoroughly, cut the top off so we can use the top as a lid (we wanted an easy way to open it up to clean it when needed), and installed a dozen poultry nipples around the bottom.  One thing we learned is that the nipples are often poorly threaded, so we took them apart and used Teflon tape to better seal them so they don’t leak.  The waterer holds about a week’s worth of water, which we get from the well that sits right outside the door.  We put it on cinderblocks to mount it high enough that the chickens have to reach up for water, and minimizes spillage.

Next, we built some simple roosts.  For some, we took a pallet, cut it in half, and used that as the base for some 1 inch wide wooden bars that we cut out of scrap wood.  The total cost on that was the ten screws we used.  We then put together additional roosting bars around the coop using some more of those 1 inch bars, resting on cinderblocks that we had laying around.

Our chickens were ready, by this point, to head out to the coop.  We brought them in a couple of Rubbermaid totes, and as we pulled them out of the tote one-by-one, we showed them how to drink from the waterer by tapping their beak against it.  Most of them caught on that day, with the few holdouts catching on by the following day.

We still didn’t have a yard or nesting boxes for them yet, but that was okay, as they needed to be confined to the coop for a while anyways.  We started on the yard for the coop by fencing off an area 15 feet by 30 feet.  For this, we didn’t skimp.  We bought a fifty foot roll of chain link fence, and the posts to mount it on, and spent a day pounding posts and then mounting the chain link to it.  For the gate, we lucked out and my girlfriend’s uncle (the owner of the farm) had a spare gate he let us use, and it completed the yard.  The fence cost us about $100 total for the chain link and posts.

There was already a hole in the wall between the coop and the yard, and it had been boarded up to prevent animals from getting in.  We took those boards down and spent a few hours turning that old barn wood into a servicable door and ramp.  We purchased a pair of hinges for it, and a latch to keep the door closed.  The door cost us under $10 to build.

Finally, chickens need nesting boxes.  At this point, we’re only a few weeks away from their first eggs, so it was time to get those done.  For that, we went to a local grocery store and picked up a bunch of plastic vegetable crates, free of charge.  With those, and another pallet, I created the nesting box wall.  To do this, I simply cut the pallet in half, mounted a board on the wall at the same height as the top of pallet to support the nesting boxes, and screwed the veggie boxes to the wall and to the pallets.  The fronts of the veggie boxes were cut off, and filled with straw, and the chickens are happy.  The boxes are up off the floor, which keeps eggs away from smaller predators.  Total cost of nesting boxes was almost nothing, as all we paid for were the screws.

I wanted to post this today because I’ve seen a lot of people posting chicken coops that house a half a dozen chickens, and they buy them store-bought for several hundred dollars.  They give the impression that starting out with chickens costs a lot.  In fact, I see a lot of people talk about how their first egg cost them $500 or more, and I have to laugh because these people spend so much for their tiny backyard flock of 3-6 chickens.  We spent less than that for a coop that will happily handle fifty chickens or more.

I know that not everybody has a neighbor that can loan them space in a barn, but there are so many alternatives to buying a pre-fab coop that anyone can build.  Using pallets is my favorite way of repurposing and saving money.  One of the options we had looked at, for instance, was that a local trailer park was getting rid of an old mobile home that wasn’t fit for human habitation.  They were looking for someone to take it for free, and they’d even haul it to our farm for us at no charge.  If we hadn’t been offered barn space, we’d have used that route, though it would have taken a while to clean out the mobile home and make it fit for the chickens.  But the point it, if you look around, there are so many ways to repurpose things and save money that it boggles the mind.  You just have to look.

 

Raised Bed Garden That Cost Nothing

 

One of the many important things to do when you’re going off-grid is to learn to grow your own food.  I decided to tackle that this year, on top of the chickens we’re already raising, and will be working with a few different ideas here at the house.

First of all, we needed to have a raised garden bed, and it needed to be high enough to not bend over at all.  In our household, we have someone that is ridiculously tall, and has health issues that make it nearly impossible to bend over to do any kind of gardening.  Secondly, I wanted to follow the concept of square foot gardening, which I’ve been reading about in a great book by Mel Bartholomew.  I’ve posted a link below to it if you’d like to check it out.

My idea was to use pallets and build the raised bed with those.  First, I connected them all together in this 1 pallet by 3 pallet rectangle.  Yes, I know I should have found ones that match better, but these work.  Once I had the walls put together, I stapled old chicken feed bags to the inside.  This will hold the soil and compost material in.  I’m aware that they’ll break down over several years, but that’s okay for now.

With that work done, at a cost of absolutely nothing (free pallets, and we had the feed bags already from feeding our chickens), it is now time for me to fill the box.  It was suggested to me that I build a tray on top and fill that with soil to grow in, but I decided to fill the box from bottom to top with compostable material.  We have lots of it, after all.

I started with a pile of tree branches I had that was going to be headed to the dump.  Instead, it’ll be a slowly decaying base that will take several years to fully compost.  On top of that, I have my dead leaves.  We had a yard full of them, and they filled the box nicely to the halfway mark.

I have a lot of yard cleanup to do as well, so I’ve been taking all the weeds and vines I’ve been pulling out, and throwing those in as well.  They’ll compost well and give the soil a lot of nutrients.  By burying them deeply, I’ll ensure the weeds don’t pop through into my growing area.

This is where I am so far with this build.  From here, I’ll be topping up the bio-mass, and then adding soil that we’re going to pull from our land north of town.  It’ll cost a bit of gas and the time it takes to shovel into the back of the truck.  Within a few weeks, we should be able to start growing our first vegetables.

As I mentioned above, I plan on using the square foot gardening method.  While the book recommends using a 4 foot by 4 foot growing area, I decided to use a 2 foot by 12 foot area instead.  This gives me 8 extra square feet of growing space, but also allows for easy reach with this raised bed.  If we were using beds that were lower, I’d probably use the suggested area sizes.

The growing area will be divided up into one foot square sections, in which we’ll grow different vegetables in each.  As we harvest each plant, we’ll replant something else in that square immediately.  This will allow us to have a continuous supply of veggies throughout the rest of the growing season.

When I started thinking about setting up a garden, I originally planned on a much larger area, to grow lots of vegetables for the family, and I figured I’d learn canning and preservation methods.  The more I thought about it, though, the more overwhelming it seems to be.  So, I decided to follow through with the strongest recommendation I’ve been given: Don’t bite off more than you can chew.  So, I’m starting small.  One raised bed is a good start.  If and when I feel comfortable expanding, I’ll make a second raised bed.  If I need a third, I have room in the yard for it.  But this small garden will be good practice and it’ll give me the chance to make sure I am not over-extending myself.

In the meantime, I’ll keep you all updated on my progress.

This is the book I have been reading.  Check it out and let me know what you think.

Chickens, chickens everywhere

Hello faithful readers!  I haven’t had much to post this past few months, but today, I’m going to get you all caught up on what has been happening with our homestead.

First off all, I learned something important.  If you store your chicken feed in a plastic bin, you’re going to have issues with squirrels and other animals.  I woke up one morning, and found this lovely hole in the side of our feed bin.  I have since purchased a stainless steel feed container.  It holds a 50 pound bag of chicken feed easily, and has yet to be broken into.

I have to point out that I used the plastic bin because it was the cheapest option available.  And this is where I have to mention that “low budget” sometimes means paying a little more up-front in order to save money down the road.  Using a cheap or free plastic bin cost me more in the long run, as I had to buy the metal bin anyways, and lost some chicken feed in the process.

In other news, I have officially been raising chickens for over a year now.  I’ve learned a considerable amount, and decided that it was time to try to earn some more from chickens than I have been.  We checked with our local extension office, and learned that we can have up to fifty laying hens without needing to be licensed by the state, and can sell those eggs directly to consumers.  Any more than fifty chickens would mean that we’d have to have our eggs graded and sized, and the cost would become prohibitive.

Our chickens started out in a brooder for the first 6 weeks of their lives, on our dining room table, with a heat lamp keeping them warm.   We learned that we’re not fond of having the house smell like chicken poop, but it wasn’t nearly as bad as it could have been.  Consistent cleaning keeps the smell down, though won’t eliminate it entirely.  We kept the chicks in a kiddie pool with mesh over it so they’d stay safe.  That’s the picture at the top of this article, with some of the chicks checking out their new temporary home.  It wasn’t a perfect solution, but we had the pool laying around and it only cost us a few bucks to put their brooder together.

Several weeks ago, we moved them out to their coop.  Since we’re working on staying low budget, we looked at a number of options for a chicken coop before we settled on our final solution.  We had thought of building a coop out of pallets, but couldn’t collect enough pallets to make something decent in time.  Then we came across someone giving away an old, falling apart mobile home.  It wasn’t something that anyone could live in without a great deal of work, but it could be turned into a chicken coop extremely easily.  We were going to use that option, and have the mobile home moved out to our land, when the family member that lives next door offered the use of his barn.  All we needed to do was clean it out, put up one wall, and move the chickens out.

We have a roof over their heads, and they’re quite happy.  We built a waterer out of a 55 gallon barrel and 12 poultry nipples.  The barrel cost us five bucks, but you can get them for free sometimes.  The poultry nipples are about four bucks per package of 4.  Our chickens took a bit of time to learn how to use the new waterer, but now that they know how it works, they’ve been happy to use it.

We built a simple feeder out of another barrel.  It holds several hundred pounds of feed, and there’s little wasted food.  I’ll show that feeder in my next post in the next few days, and teach you how to build it.  It can easily be adapted to smaller sizes as well, for those of you with just a backyard flock.

We have a few things still to do.  The barn we’ve got the chickens in is about 80 years old, and we have to level some ground and put up the fence for their run.  Following that, we’ll be building their nesting boxes so they have a safe place to lay eggs in a few months.  The chickens are staying inside until the fence is up, and they get used to their living space.  They’re happy, healthy, and will be a great source of income when we start getting eggs from them.

I suppose I should mention how we plan on selling those eggs.  There’s a farmer’s market in town, and we’ve already spoken to them about having a table there.  With only 50 chickens, our income from these chickens won’t be huge, but any money coming in will be better than nothing, and will help us work on our next project.

 

 

 

 

 

How to find affordable land when you’re broke

 

One of the most asked questions I see about going off-grid on a low budget has to do with land.  Land is expensive.  I have seen people tell me they plan on building their tiny house or their tiny earthship, and they’re going to build it out of completely recycled materials, and it’ll cost them a few hundred bucks total, or whatever low cost they manage to work out.  But the problem is that they don’t have land they can put it on, and land is far out of their price range.

I’m here to tell you that you can afford it, but it takes a bit of work.

The first thing you need to do is decide what you need.  Maybe not exactly what you want, but what you need.  Now, if you’re a couple with no kids, as we’ll make the assumption at the moment, you should be able to live quite comfortably on one acre, growing your own food.  If you have kids, or if you have a non-traditional family, or are building an intentional community, then scale up accordingly.

Once you have an idea of what you need for land, you can head over to one of my favourite sites, Landwatch.com.  (I’m not affiliated with them in any way, just think they’re really useful. There, you enter your search terms.  That you’d like land, narrow down to the acreage you need, and sort by pricing and maybe even where you’d like to live.

Here’s where the fun begins.  You’re going to find a lot of land there.  Find the ones that meet your needs, and read up on everything.  And the most important thing to look for when you’re doing this, are the words “owner financing”.  The listing should show what the financing options are.  They may tell you that the land will cost whatever it costs, and the owner will finance over 24, 36, or 48 months, usually with no interest.  The important thing here is that the cost is incredibly low.  It’s affordable, and you’ll be able to build your home on it right away.  You can do away with rent.  If you have to, live in a tent for a few months while you’re building your tiny house.  If you can do that, and work a job of some sort at the same time, the cost of living will be minimal.  The best part about owner financing is that you can do it even if you have a bad credit rating.  As long as you can prove to the owner that you can make your monthly payments (in other words, you have a job), then they’ll usually work with you.  If they don’t, find another landowner.

It will definitely be a hardship while you build your home.  I won’t lie to you and say it won’t.  But, it will give you the chance to get your land, get a house set up, and you’ll have a good start on paying off your land by the time you move in.

The best part about all of this, is that with owner financing, they want you to pay it off quickly.  There are no penalties for paying it off sooner.  You can always pay it off on the schedule that was set when you purchased it, but you can also make extra payments.  If you’ve picked the right property, your monthly payment should be less than a couple of hundred dollars a month, and even a minimum wage job will cover that with a comfortable amount left over.  Make your payments and use the extra in your pay to cover setting up your house properly, and then pay off the rest as fast as possible on your land.  You are now a landowner.

Head over to Landwatch.com.  I promise, land like that is out there, and it’s easier to find than you think.

Foxhole Homes Builds Earthships at Low Cost

The other day, I ran across the YouTube channel of Foxhole Homes.  They’re doing something fantastic, and I thought I’d like to share it with my readers.

Foxhole Homes is a non-profit that is working on building a low-cost earthship-style home for homeless veterans.  With their first build, they kept the price for building materials at around the $6000 mark, and in speaking with the owner, Ted Brinegar, I learned that he is attempting to get the price of materials down considerably, without sacrificing liveability, of course.  I found myself severely impressed with the simple design, but even more with Foxhole Homes’ commitment to helping homeless vets.  The design they use, of course, can work for more than just vets, as all of us that live on the pitiful minimum wage could benefit from a simple home like this, with no utility bills and a warm place to put a bed.

As you can see from the video, Foxhole Homes makes a home that uses many of the design elements of a traditional earthship, but is scaled down to the absolute necessities.  It is truly a tiny house, at under 120 square feet, but because the greenhouse isn’t a permanent structure, it doesn’t count towards the square footage, so it’s really larger than it seems.

I had the chance to ask questions of Ted via email, and was rewarded with many answers.  Below you will find the questions I asked, along with the answers that Ted provided.

LBOG: Hi there. We spoke the other day on Facebook. I have the Low-Budget Off-Grid blog, and what you’re doing with low-cost earthship designs is fantastic. I am especially happy to see that what you’re doing is for veterans.

Ted: We have so much to thank them for, and aren’t doing nearly enough for them. I am passionate about taking care of our veterans, but they are also an important ally in getting more reasonable laws passed. It is very hard for legislators to look a vet in the face and tell them they don’t have the freedom to build a simple home for themselves. In the local version of the Sustainable Development Testing Site Act we just got passed in Otero County, it specifically references that one of its primary purposes is to facilitate taking care of veterans in need, but we all get to reap the benefits of the legislation.

LBOG: I have a similar goal to help people with housing, though I’m personally looking to help all of those that live on the pitiful incomes that get paid in America in general. Costs get higher, and minimum wage stays the same, and people are struggling between deciding whether to eat or pay the power bill. These are decisions that shouldn’t need to be made, and I hope that my blog can help in some small way.

So, having run across the videos that show what Foxhole Homes is doing, I had many questions that I thought I’d ask.

During our conversation, you mentioned that the cost of materials was around the $6000 mark, which, for an Earthship, is an unheard-of low cost.

Ted: Quick disclaimer there is a huge hidden cost in that our friend and supporter Bill Boylan provided backhoe work free of charge.
LBOG: You mentioned to me that the metal roofing was one of the largest material costs. What were some of the other costs you ran into that you couldn’t mitigate with recycled materials?

Ted: Cement, lots of cement. Mostly in bags. We did have to bring in a few truckloads of sand and gravel as well.

LBOG: I do recall seeing in the video about solar systems that you’d put together a 200 watt solar power system for about $500. What about the water system?

Ted: (The) largest expenses were the EPDM for the planter beds (around 100) and our 1000 liter cistern ($150)

LBOG: Filters, pumps, etc?

Ted: it is all gravity fed, and we use a Berkey filter ( but with food grade buckets instead of stainless) for drinking water

LBOG: You had mentioned in one of the videos that your water heater system used solar, but was going to use a backup instant water heater system. Can you explain the solar water heater system you use?

Ted: there is no Hot water on this simple system. We will be working on a gravity fed thermo-siphon system this spring. We have kind of a research partnership with NMSU and many of their students are starting to do their Sr. Projects for us. That will be one of them. We have the basic prototype worked out using an old cooler as the storage tank. Our main question now is can we use a straight thermo-siphon with the water or will it freeze, at that point we would have to use glycol and a small pump.

LBOG: Also, I’d noticed in one of your videos what looked to be a solar heater made out of pop cans. May I ask how that was used?

Ted: We used it during construction to help charge up the thermal mass of the walls because we built in winter. it will be totally unnecessary now. (My video editor did not realize it was not a solar panel. Oops.)

LBOG: Now that you’ve built a home using your model, is there anything you’d do differently?

Ted: Yes I never intend to pound another tire unless it is in a rubble trench footing. We will be using tire bales primarily, but will also be working with geo-mesh reinforced adobe.

LBOG: Finally, I suppose my readers might be curious about where you had the best luck finding recycled materials, and what new materials you used that you’d like to find a way to get recycled in future builds.

Ted: Our best source was our county recycling center, they were glad to give us bottles and directed us to an illegal tire dump that we helped clean up. Construction companies and the shipping department from our local hospital provided the pallets. Glass can be tricky although we had great luck on this build. Focus on collecting that early on as it can determine how you have to frame the front face of the building. In the future we hope to use locally sourced lumber whenever possible and we are looking for less expensive (both labor and dollar) ways to do the roof. Some ideas include using pumicecrete, and the plastic off of old bill boards.

LBOG: Thank you again for agreeing to answer my questions, and thank you for showing that building a home doesn’t have to cost a fortune.

Ted: Thank you! Keep following us on Facebook and youtube. Hopefully early 2018 we will start doing clinics as we break ground on the full subdivision. Stay tuned.

Make it a great day

So there you have it.  If you want to take a look at the Foxhole Homes YouTube channel, I highly recommend it.  Ted shows off many of the features of the home he designed, and how they are made.

It just goes to show that, with some work and ingenuity, we can build a home that provides for our needs without sacrificing decades of our lives to paying it off.

Update on the Flow Hive

Hey there everyone!

This is just a quick update to let you know about the Flow Hive.  If you remember, about 18 months ago, they started looking for funding on IndieGoGo, and raised a ton of money.  Since then, they’ve sold 35,000 Flow Hives, and are now back on IndieGoGo, selling their beehives at a reduced cost.  It’s only for a few days though, so if you want yours, you need to go there now and place your order.

I love these hives, and I think they are much more cost effective than a traditional hive.  They may seem more expensive to start, but require much less work and other equipment, saving you time as well as money.

Head on over with this link —>> Flow Hives on IndieGoGo <<—

Getting in Shape While Off-Grid

When you live an off-grid lifestyle, there should be a lot of things you’re doing in a healthier manner.  Being off-grid usually means a lot of physical labor.  Whether you’re working with animals, doing gardening for food, or building yet another wind turbine, you’re probably fairly active.

However, sometimes this isn’t enough, or you want to step up your game, and maybe get into better shape than you are now.  That’s what I wanted for myself, and I looked at a lot of ways to get healthier and work out in a way that was interesting, fun, and didn’t cost me a lot.  I also wanted something where I knew I would see results, but that wasn’t something that would burn me out on my first day.

I found DDP Yoga.  Now, before I say anything else about this, I’m not being paid to write a review, nor am I receiving any kind of compensation for this article.  I have just seen a number of videos on Youtube, which I’ll show you below, and then I started using the workouts myself.  Diamond Dallas Page created a program that you can start out simply with, that you can work at your own pace, and step up as you’re able.  It pushes your body without straining you to the point of collapse, and is a no-impact workout that you can do even if you have joint problems.

Here’s a video to show you one of their success stories:

 

This is another of the amazing transformations from this program:

 

And another:

 

Alright, so now that you’ve watched those really amazing, heart-rending videos, you’re going to go and buy the DVDs so that you can get started, right?  Or, you’re going to ask “Hey, wait a minute, those DVDs cost money!  Why is he suggesting we buy them when this is supposed to be a low-budget blog?”  That’s a really good question.

Yes, you could ignore these, and try to find videos on Youtube that teach you how to work out.  And they’re going to be disjointed, nothing is going to be one specific workout program, and eventually, you’ll lose hope because all the disjointed information will contradict all the other information, and you’ll probably give up.  These DVDs, while they cost a little bit, are a lot cheaper than other workout programs.  Those other programs are harder, much more expensive, and in my own experience, not as motivating.  DDP Yoga actually works to keep you going, because they also build a community on their website so you can talk to other people in the program as well.  The other thing is that if you get the DVDs, the only other things you really need for equipment are a decent yoga mat, and possibly a heart rate monitor.  The DVDs are a much lower cost than other programs out there, and I think you get a great deal for your money.

So, here is a link to the DDP Yoga webpage where you can order the DVDs.  It’s not an affiliate link, and I’m not making a penny if you buy from this website.

ddpyoga

 

If you do buy the DVDs, and you’d like to get a decent yoga mat and heart rate monitor, here are links to some decently priced products on Amazon for you to buy that are a lot cheaper than other places. I do earn a small affiliate commission if you follow my links to buy them.

 

So, if you give these a shot, or have tried in the past, let me know.

An Air Conditioner That Doesn’t Use Electricity

A man in Bangladesh has apparently invented a cheap air conditioner that works without electricity.  It is intended for the many places in the world where electricity is expensive or too scarce to waste on cooling, but would work amazingly well in any of your off-grid projects.

It’s a simple system too.  It works on the principle that when you take air and force it to compress, it loses a great deal of heat.  This principle can be shown by your mouth.  When you just open your mouth and breathe out, the air is hot.  However, when you purse your lips and blow, the air is cooler.  This system works the same way.

Eco-Cooler-Plastic-Bottle-Air-Conditioner-4-889x555

Here’s how it works:

Take a board and cut it to the same size as the window you’re going to place it in.  Drill holes in a grid pattern across the entire board, and make them just large enough to fit the necks of bottles through.  Cut the body of the bottles, so you have a funnel shape, and discard the remainder of the bottles.  Fit the necks of those bottles into the holes on the board, and put the board up in your window.

What happens at this point is that when wind blows towards those funnels, it is compressed and forced through the necks of the bottles into the house, and the resulting air is as much as 5 degrees Celcius cooler than it was outside.  This could make a huge difference on those sweltering days.

The actual plans for this will be available, for free, on Eco-Cooler.com in the near future.

Eco-Cooler-Plastic-Bottle-Air-Conditioner-1020x610

How to Keep your Chickens Cool

If you live pretty much anywhere in the US, you’ve probably noticed that summer is here.  It’s brain-meltingly hot here right now, and temperatures are in the 90s and 100s over the foreseeable future.

This can be dangerous for your chickens.  Overheating can cause your chickens to have heatstroke and die, just like people.  In the video below, I’ve shown you what I’ve done to keep my chickens cool in the summer, and as always, we tried to keep things low-budget.  None of these things cost much at all.

Upgrading the Chicken Coop

Yesterday, I decided to get out to the coop and do the upgrades it needs.  The chicks aren’t really chicks anymore, and they’re getting close to old enough that they’ll need some nesting boxes.  The roosts I had in there aren’t supporting their weight anymore.

I created 4 nesting boxes out of old plastic crates I got from a grocery store for free, and the roosts are old branches I screwed together.  The total cost of the upgrade project was… well….  I guess whatever the cost of a half a dozen screws was.  Under a dollar.  And a punctured finger.  And the headache I got from doing the work in 90 degree heat.  But other than that, it was free…

Here’s a little video I put together to show the results.